Showing posts with label Menstrual Cycle. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Menstrual Cycle. Show all posts
Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Endometrial Hyperplasia

endometrial hyperplasia

Endometrial hyperplasia is a bad news for those who have obesity, diabetes, PCOS, or having estrogen replacement therapy. Endometrial hyperplasia is an over thickening of uterus lining. The lining is called endometrium.

Saturday, January 12, 2013

Mid-Cycle Bleeding

Some women (including me) experience mid-cycle bleeding or bleeding between her periods. The bleeding usually light to moderate. If you experience this, consider the following:

  1. Check if there any other symptoms, such as pain, cramps, nausea, dizziness, or any feeling that disturb your daily activities. If one or some of those symptoms occur, you need to see your doctor immediately.
  2. If only light bleeding occurs, but no other symptoms detected, usually you just have to reduce stress, take a good rest, and eat nutritious foods. It's usually caused by hormonal imbalance due to bad daily routine. But if the bleeding continues for the next 2 months, you need to go to doctor to have complete examination of your hormone level.

What can cause mid-cycle bleeding?  

Mid-cycle bleeding
  1. Hormonal imbalances. Most cause of mid-cycle bleeding is hormonal imbalances, or your hormone level is not in the right level. In this case, the blood usually dark or brownish and the bleeding is heavier. You may feel a little pain or cramps. Your doctor usually give hormone therapy after a full blood check. Hormonal imbalance can cause serious problems (cancer, infertility, etc) if not cared well. Usually it cause small bump in uterus, like what i got  now. On the right the USG picture of my uterus, showing 0.72 cm bump (marked with small "x"). But it's not a big problem. The bump will vanish with 3 month medroxyprogeterone acetate therapy.
  2. Ovulation. The good news is: that ovulation sometimes cause a light mid-cycle bleeding occurs, and it is very normal. No worry about that. During the ovulation, the ovary follicle ruptures to release egg, and cause a very light bleeding. The blood usually pinkish and your cervical mucus will be clear and stringy.  To identify this, you have to be sure that you are ovulating when the bleeding occurs. There are numerous ovulation test pack which you can purchase on your local drugstore. 
  3. Endometriosis. Endometriosis is a gynecological medical condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are under the influence of female hormones. Endometrial-like cells in areas outside the uterus (endometriosis) are influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way that is similar to the cells found inside the uterus. Symptoms often worsen with the menstrual cycle. (source: wikipedia).
  4. Pregnancy or misscariage. First or second week of pregnancy can cause a light bleeding. It is normal, and considered as a sign of pregnancy. Bleeding can also be sign of misscariage if you're pregnant. 
  5. Infection. Mid-cycle bleeding usually caused by infection if you experience pain and smelly cervical mucus. 

Irregular Menstrual Cycle

What is an irregular period?

As I read on Doctor Marcelle Pick's article, I found out that women with irregular period are those whose more than 50% of their periods are not in usual length. They sometimes skip some period during the year, or experiment some mid-cycle bleeding.  Irregular periods can very annoying sometimes, and can cause frustration which wild drive more irregularity, especially for those who try to conceive.

How can I know that I have irregular periods?

The most accurate way to detect the problem is having your periods tracked. There are numerous charts, tables, and even software to help doing the tracking. Lots of them are completed with ovulation and unwanted symptoms tracker. Here are some links to download menstrual trackers:

http://www.whenmybaby.com/menstrualchart.php
http://www.mymonthlycycles.com/
http://www.bodycalc.com/menstrual-ovulation-cycle

You can ask Google to give you more trackers :)

What are the cause of irregular periods?

Most of irregularities on menstrual cycles are caused by hormonal imbalances. But the hormonal imbalances them-self are caused by and can cause a lot of things.
Things that can cause hormonal imbalances are:
  1. Genetics factor. Not much you can do to deal with this factor :(
  2. Poor nutrition, or eating too much sugar, carbohydrate, and chemical-additive-rich foods
  3. Lack of sleep, frustration, over-work
  4. Medications, especially hormonal medications (birth control pills, transgender medications, etc)
And things caused by hormonal imbalances (sex hormones) are:
  1. Irregular periods
  2. Poly-cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
  3. Uterine/ovary cysts, uterine/breast cancer
  4. Abnormal hair growth (men-like hair growth)
  5. Acne and oily skin
  6. Abnormal development of sexual reproduction organs 
Hormonal system in our body is a very complex thing. Once a hormone goes wrong, other hormones tend to go wrong too.
Other cause that can drive your period to be irregular is anatomical. You may have abnormal uterine shape, abnormal blockage of cervix, etc. An ultrasound check may detect this anatomical abnormalities.

What can I do so my period get back to normal?

Reducing stress, daily exercise, and good nutrition work as a natural way to improve your cycle. These steps alone give the body a much needed boost and will support the natural hormonal balance. If they don't work, you may need to have a hormonal medication to help balancing your hormones. A full blood check usually needed before the medications are prescribed, considering the side effects of the medications. If you have history of breast or uterine cancer, your doctor may give another appropriate medication, because hormone therapy can increase the risk of cancer.